Growing Tips

Plants Need Rest

Use a timer to allow for an on/off cycle of approximately 16 hours on, and 8 hours off.

Growing Instructions

Refer to the specific growing instructions for each type of plant. Certain plants need supplemental warmth to germinate and grow, so monitor the temperature of the environment and evaluate if a warming mat or other supplemental heat is needed.

Potting Mix

Make sure to purchase commercial grade sterilized media.


To monitor for flying insects, it is useful to place sticky cards next to your plant(s) to identify species and determine if control is needed.


Be sure to know the optimal EC (electrical conductivity) and pH for the crop(s) you are growing.  Each type of plant has it's own ideal pH and EC range depending on species and stage of growth.   There are many University-published online resources to learn about the needs of specific plants.

  • Optimal Nitrogen, Potassium, Phosphorus (NPK) = N (15-20%), P (15-20%), K(35-38%)

    • Other Important Macro Nutrients: Mg, S, Ca

    • Micro-nutrients: B, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Zn

  • pH For Most Crops:

    • Hydroponics 5.5 - 6.5

    • Soil (in ground)/Soilless (in pots) 6.0 - 7.0

  • Avoid using “soft” water. Use outside water spigot to replace softened water

  • To remove chlorine from “city” water, leave in sunlight for 2 days